Как подключить wifi адаптер к virtualbox kali linux
Перейти к содержимому

Как подключить wifi адаптер к virtualbox kali linux

  • автор:

Как использовать встроенный в ноутбук wifi модуль на виртуальной машине Kali Linux

При работе с Kali Linux через VirtualBox или VMware требуется использовать внешний WiFi модуль.

Но можешь попробовать так:

em0ji's user avatar

Дизайн сайта / логотип © 2023 Stack Exchange Inc; пользовательские материалы лицензированы в соответствии с CC BY-SA . rev 2023.9.4.43608

Нажимая «Принять все файлы cookie» вы соглашаетесь, что Stack Exchange может хранить файлы cookie на вашем устройстве и раскрывать информацию в соответствии с нашей Политикой в отношении файлов cookie.

How to use Wi-Fi bridged adapter on Kali Linux VirtualBox

I have created a Kali Linux VirtualBox and want to use my Wi-Fi card not wired connection. The standard NAT adapter gives me internet just fine, but when I change that to bridged adapter and select my Wi-Fi card "TP-LINK 802.11ac Network Adapter" with "promiscuous mode: Deny" and "Cable Connected" ticked. Kali does not change to wireless network and show me the available networks, it stays as Ethernet network with wired connection 1. The network symbol is spinning and it cannot connect to the internet.

Hopefully this is a matter of turning off Ethernet and turning on Wi-Fi but I don’t know.

G-Man Says 'Reinstate Monica''s user avatar

2 Answers 2

Bridging your wireless adapter to your VM does not give your VM a wireless device. Notice when you expand the "Advanced" section of the VM’s adapter settings that "Adapter Type" is an option; this is the "device" which is presented to the VM.

This means that no matter which host connection you are bridging, the connection will appear to be of that "Adapter Type" to the guest. In other words, it will still appear to be an Ethernet connection to Kali.

To get WiFi to your Kali box when bridging is already set up, connect to WiFi on your host. (Note: this will connect your VM to your WiFi network, but will not result in Kali "speaking WiFi", so Aircrack-ng etc. would still not be usable.)

If the WiFi interface is a USB device plugged into your host, then you can probably pass that through to your VM.

in the view of the virtual machine (kali in this case), the connection is always a wired one. The VM doesn’t "see" your hardware-adapter (TP-Link) but a virtual interface (AMD PCNet FAST III by default).

"bridged" networking means, that your physical networkcard is able to use promiscuous mode, that means that a single connection can be used for multiple clients with their own ip-address each. Depending on the Address the network is asking for, the request gets delivered to the host or the vm.

I cannot remember that I used bridged networking on a WiFi ever, but I assume that if the host sets up the WiFi-Connection (SSID, WPA, etc), you may connect the VM as bridged – but don’t nail me on that.

As far as I understand is that you want to have your host connected via cable and kali connected via wifi, is that correct? in that case I recommend you removing all virtual network interfaces and pass throug the usb-wifi-dongle. this way the network-interface inside the vm is the real one but the host system has no access to the dongle anymore (and thus no wifi).

Connecting a Wireless Adapter to a Kali Linux Virtual Machine

In “Network hacking,” most people get confused when talking about Network adapters and Network cards.

Most don’t know what they are, why we need them, and how to select the best adapter since we have so many brands and models available in the market.

A wireless adapter is a device that you connect to your computer via the USB port, and it allows you to connect to WiFi networks and communicate with other devices on the network.

However, you might wonder: “Why would I need a USB network adapter since my laptop already has an inbuilt adapter that enables me to connect to wireless networks?”

Well, this is among the topics that we will discuss in this post:

  • Problems with Built-in Wireless Cards
  • Best WiFi adapters for hacking
  • How to connect a wireless adapter to Kali Linux Virtual machine
Table of Contents

Problems With Built-in Wireless Cards

There are two main problems with built-in WiFi adapters.

  1. They can’t be used in Virtual machines – Kali inside a VM does not see the built-in WiFi card of your laptop as a WiFi adapter but will see it as an ethernet adapter. Hence you can have full internet access, but you cannot do packet injection or place the WiFi card into monitor mode.
  2. Most built-in cards are not suitable for hacking – In wireless hacking, there are two main factors that we look out for in adapters. That is ‘packet infection’ and support for ‘monitor mode.’ Unfortunately, most of the built-in adapters support non of these two features.

Best WiFi Adapters for Hacking (With Monitor Mode)

Before diving into the different WiFi adapter brands and models, we first need to understand the Wireless Chipset present in these adapters. Like the CPU we have in a computer, this chipset is the “Brains” of the wireless adapter.

It is responsible for all the processing and calculation of data flowing through it. It also determines the capability of the wireless adapter. Whether it can support monitor mode, packet injection, and works with Kali Linux or not.

Some of the chipset supported by Kali Linux include:

  • Realtek RTL8812AU
  • Realtek 8187L
  • Ralink RT5370N
  • Ralink RT3572
  • Ralink RT5572
  • Ralink RT3070
  • Ralink RT307
  • Atheros AR9271
  • MT7610U
  • MT7612U

I understand all this information looks gibberish as of now; however, you will appreciate it when we look at the different WiFi adapters available and the chipset they use.

You will notice that the ALFA Networks company highly dominates the Wireless adapter market. Over the past couple of years, the company has risen to stand as the perfect supplier for efficient and reliable WIFI adapters. Other companies include TP-Link and Panda .

The table below shows a list of wireless adapters supported by Kali Linux and the Chipset, Frequency, and Protocol they are using.

Adapter Name Chipset Frequency Protocol
ALFA AWUS036NEH Ralink RT3070 2.4GHz 802.11N
TP-LINK TL-WN722N 2.4GHz v1 Atheros AR9271 2.4GHz 802.11N
TP-LINK TL-WN722N 2.4GHz v2/v3 (with some workarounds) Realtek RTL8188EUS 2.4GHz 802.11N
ALFA AWUS036NH Ralink RT3070 2.4GHz 802.11N
ALFA AWUS036NHA Atheros AR9271 2.4GHz 802.11N
Panda PAU09 Ralink RT5572 2.4GHz 802.11N
ALFA AWUS036ACH Realtek RTL8812AU 2.4GHz / 5GHz 802.11AC
ALFA AWUS036H Realtek 8187L 2.4GHz 802.11b/g
ALFA AWUS036ACHM MT7610U 2.4GHz / 5GHz 802.11AC
ALFA AWUS036ACM MT7612U 2.4GHz / 5GHz 802.11ac/a/b/g/n
ALFA AWUS1900 Realtek RTL8814AU 2.4GHz / 5GHz 802.11ac/a/b/g/n
ALFA AWUS036AC Realtek RTL8812AU 2.4GHz / 5GHz 802.11ac/a/b/g/n
ALFA AWUS036ACS Realtek RTL8811AU 2.4GHz / 5GHz 802.11ac/a/b/g/n
ALFA AWUS036EAC Realtek RTL8812AU 2.4GHz / 5GHz 802.11ac/a/b/g/n
ALFA AWPCIE-1900U Realtek RTL8814AU 2.4GHz / 5GHz 802.11ac/a/b/g/n

Important: When it comes to TP-LINK TL-WN722N, it’s important to know that you can also get v2/v3 to work with a few workarounds, although it’s sometimes assumed that only v1 works.

A great and detailed tutorial on this topic is this one from David Bombal – Kali Linux TP-Link TP-WN722N .

TL-WN722N is a decent budget WiFi adapter for our purposes, but it’s sometimes difficult to find v1 in your immediate area, so v2/v3 is definitely a good option.

In some cases you won’t find the adapter’s version in the product description, so I think it’s definitely good to know you can make it work no matter which of those versions it is.

Connect a Wireless Adapter to Kali Linux Virtual Machine (VirtualBox)

To connect a wireless adapter to your Kali Linux virtual machine, when using VirtualBox, you can go in the Oracle VM VirtualBox menu > Devices > USB > [select_your_adapter].

It may not list the name of the WiFi Adapter, but something related to the chipset, instead. Here, I’m using a TP-LINK TL-WN722N 2.4GHz v2/v3, and as you can see, it’s displaying Realtek 802.11n NC.

Automatically Connect the WiFi Adapter to a VirtualBox VM

You can also automatically connect a wireless adapter to your Kali Linux virtual machine, when running VirtualBox. This way, you don’t have to manually connect it every time

To do this follow the steps below:

  1. Shutdown the Kali virtual machine if it was already running
  2. Connect your Wireless USB adapter to your PC
  3. Right-click on your Kali Virtual machine and select the Settings option. A window will open displaying all the different configuration options.
  4. Click on the USB option and check the Enable USB controller check box.

If you are not sure of the adapter’s name, just remove it, and you will notice the name that will disappear from the VirtualBox USB list.

Connect a Wireless Adapter to Kali Linux Virtual Machine (VMware Player)

To connect a wireless adapter to your Kali Linux virtual machine, when using VMware Player, you can go to the VMware Player menu > Player > Removable Devices > [your_adapter] > Connect (Disconnect from host).

It may not list the name of the WiFi Adapter, but something related to the chipset, instead. Here, I’m using a TP-LINK TL-WN722N 2.4GHz v2/v3, and as you can see, it’s displaying Realtek 802.11n NC.

You should then receive a message informing you that the device will be safely stopped and disconnected from the host machine, so it can then be connected to Kali Linux in the VMware player.

I’m not sure of an easy way how you can automatically connect a WiFi Adapter with VMware Player, as we did with VirtualBox. The solution in VMware knowledge base seems to involve a bit of work https://kb.vmware.com/s/article/1648 , and I haven’t tried it myself. If anyone has an easier solution for this and would like to share, then we’d love to hear from you.


Now you can boot your Kali VM and start practicing your wireless hacking skills. You can list all the wireless networks around you and even put your card in monitor mode.

I believe up to this point, you have a working wireless adapter on your Kali Linux VirtualBox machine. Please remember when selecting an adapter for wireless hacking to ensure the chipset used is among the chipsets listed above.

Настройка адаптера на RTL8812AU в VirtualBox Kali Linux

Настройка адаптера RTL8812AU VirtualBox Kali Linux

В предыдущей статье я показал, как подключить Alfa AWUS036NHA. В этой статье покажу, как правильно настроить адаптер для вардрайвинга Alfa AWUS036ACH на чипе RTL8812AU.

Настройка адаптера на RTL8812AU в VirtualBox Kali Linux

Подключите к компьютеру адаптер Alfa AWUS036ACH.

Откройте VirtualBox, выберите виртуальную машину Kali Linux и нажмите Настройки (Settings).

Выберите вкладку Сеть (Network) и измените настройки сетевого адаптера на Сетевой мост (Bridged Adapter):

Адаптер RTL8812AU Kali Linux VirtualBox

Перейдите на вкладку USB, отметьте USB 2.0 и кликните на кнопку добавления адаптера.

Добавление адаптера RTL8812AU VirtualBox

Как видите, адаптер Alfa AWUS036ACH был идентифицирован как устройство сетевой карты Realtek 802.11n.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *